Everything You Should Know About Allergy

An allergy is a response made by your immune system to foreign particles trying to enter into your body. Generally, it is not harmful to your body. It happens to you due to particular food items, smell, and pet dander. Based on allergens (foreign particles), the response may include sneezing, inflammation, and allied signs. 

In severe cases, it can make your daily life troublesome for you. Some of you ignore your allergy issue while some of you love to have an allergy test in Delhi or your locality to know the root cause and treat it. Before you move ahead, you should know about allergy types, symptoms, causes, treatment, and prevention. Keep reading this post to educate yourself on allergies. 

Types of allergy

Based on allergens (foreign particles), people have different types of allergies. Here are some of them:

  • Food allergies 
  • Seasonal allergies 
  • Severe allergies 
  • Skin allergies 

Allergy symptoms   

Usually, sneezing and inflammation are primary symptoms of allergies. However, the signs of an allergy depend on the allergens causing discomfort to individuals. Here are some allergy symptoms as per their types:

  • Food allergies – hives, swelling, fatigue, nausea, and anaphylaxis
  • Seasonal allergies – Hay fever symptoms such as runny nose, sneezing, swollen eyes, nose/mouth itching, and watery eyes 
  • Severe allergies can cause you to have anaphylaxis that could be life-threatening for you 
  • Skin allergy – rashes, eczema, itching, sore throat, hives, burning, and swollen eyes 
  • Drug allergies – hives, itchy skin, rash, facial swelling, wheezing, and anaphylaxis 

Allergy causes 

As per the studies done till now, experts do not know why foreign substances cause an allergic reaction. In general cases, an allergy is a genetic component and it passes from one generation to another. Apart from genetic reasons, several other things cause allergies in human beings. You could have allergic issues from:

  • Animal products such as dust mite waste, pet dander, and cockroaches  
  • Drugs like penicillin and sulfa  
  • Foods such as nuts, wheat, milk, rice, shellfish, and eggs 
  • Spices such as peppers, and turmeric powder
  • Insect stings such as bees, mosquitoes, and wasps 
  • Plants like grass, weeds, and poison oak 
  • Other substances like latex, nickel, and gloves made of latex/rubber  

Complications of allergy 

If you ignore your allergic issues for a longer period, it can be problematic for you. Also, the severity level can increase a lot and you might experience:

  • Increased heart rate 
  • Sudden narrowness in your airways 
  • Swelling in your tongue or mouth 

Allergy diagnosis 

Usually, most of you ignore your allergic issue if it is mild. However, you must see a doctor when it starts interfering with your daily life and causing a lot of problems to you. After interacting with you, the doctor will recommend the following tests:

  • Skin test 
  • Allergy blood test

Allergy treatment 

Generally, a doctor recommends an allergy test to know the root cause of your allergic problems. Based on the test results, the doctor will offer the best suitable treatment options that could be:

  • Medicines like cetirizine, antihistamines, loratadine, and decongestants
  • Immunotherapy
  • Emergency epinephrine

Prevention – How to stay away from allergic issues

As an allergic person, you have an idea about what makes you have allergic issues. So, you should keep that in mind and avoid having to counter the same in future. Here are some useful steps for you:

  • Try to stay away from the known triggers 
  • Put a medical alert system on your wrist – bracelet 
  • Track everything that comes in your way and identify how they affect you  


Allergy is a common health issue and does not affect a person until it is mild. Having an idea about allergy types, symptoms, causes, treatment and prevention will help you lower your severity level. Further, it will help you live your life with no interruptions. 

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